El Esparragal is divided into three very different areas: 1000 ha of orchards, 650 ha of forests, and 1050 ha of pastures.
The first area consists of 150 ha of irrigated pasture for retinto cattle grazing; 250 ha of annual irrigated crops, particularly corn to store in silos; 450 ha of orange groves; 75 ha of rainfed olive trees and 50 ha of irrigated almond trees.
The second area is a Mediterranean forest dedicated to hunting big game like deer and boar, as well as some cork harvesting. In the center of the forest area, there is a reservoir with 2 million cubic meters of water that allows for the irrigation of the lower part of the estate.
The third area is a dehesa, or area of natural pastures with oak and cork trees where retinto cattle graze in the spring and fall.
El Esparragal’s main area of production consists of retinto meat from 450 cows that produce 180,000 kg of choice meat in addition to 120 females for restocking and to sell to other farms.
El Esparragal’s herd of purebred Spanish horses was established in 1968 with mares from the ranch of Antonio Oriol Puerta which traces its origins to 1888, coming from the Corbacho line, one of the best documented breeds of Spanish horses that had been preserved without crossbreeding with other lines in the 19th century thanks to reserves at the Carthusian monasteries in Jerez, Seville and Castellón. The mares from El Esparragal have received several medals and honorable mentions in Spanish championships in recent years. Particularly notable are Karina XXX, 1st place in the 2001 Spanish championship, and the herd of 5 mares that took 1st place at the 2005 SICAB International Spanish Horse Fair.
In the stables, we can find young horses that are being tamed as well as tamed horses used to work with the retinto bulls in the field.
Raising of retinto bulls began in 1965 and includes 600 animals. The retinto breed can be traced back to the wild bulls that lived in Andalusian forests and, until a century ago, were the main work animal for farming and transportation. Mechanization has resulted in Andalusia and Extremadura only using them for performance and food. Retinto livestock feeds on the natural pastures and acorns in the spring and fall, and the rest of the year it feeds on all of the subproducts from agriculture.
The main characteristic of this breed is its hardiness and adaptation to its habitat, which allows it to withstand the harsh Andalusian summers with high temperatures and scarce vegetation.
Currently, 50% of our cows are crossed with Limusin bulls to improve quality without loosing the hardiness of the retinto breed.